PhD Fellows

Mette Simonsen Abildgaard

Working title: Interactions in youth radio

Between 1973 and 1997, young Danish radio listeners knew to turn on their radio Sunday night, when the radio waves were dedicated to issues like youth unemployment, rock music and confessions of Saturday’s mistakes. For 24 years the youth radio program ’P4 i P1’ was on the air, giving it a unique position in Danish media history as the program that achieved popularity with several generations of young listeners.

This project tracks the changes in ‘P4 i P1’ during these 24 years. Drawing on the theoretical framework of postphenomenology and its investigations into human-technology interaction, the project will mainly focus on the many different methods of interaction used in ‘P4 i P1’: From call-ins and letters to answering machine messages. The project’s aim is to supplement our knowledge of the history of Danish radio for children and youth with this new perspective, while hopefully answering the question: Which properties of the ‘space’ created by this program made its unusual long lifespan possible?

Torsten Andreasen

Arbejdstitel: Det Brugerberigede Arkiv

Digitalisering af kulturarven såvel som samfundets stadige produktion af enorme digitale datamængder placerer kulturforskningen i en ny situation: Dens forskningsobjekter udgøres i stadig større grad af digitale korpora, dvs. digitale tekster, visuelt og auditivt materiale i digital form, digitalt dokumenterede artefakter og digitalt registreret menneskelig adfærd, hvilket både præsenterer en betragtelig udfordring og et anseligt potentiale.

Situationen fordrer nytænkning af eksisterende forsknings-­‐ og formidlingspraksis, af grænserne mellem forskellige brugertyper og af brugerinteraktionens bidrag til det digitale arkiv. Nærværende projekt undersøger brugerberigelse af digitale arkiver i forhold til forsknings-­‐ og formidlingsmæssige problemstillinger og potentialer i forbindelse med digitalisering af kulturarven.

Projektet har to dele:
• At udvikle en best practice‐model for brugerberigelse af digitale kulturforsknings­‐ og kulturarvsarkiver. Denne model baseres på kortlægning og analyse af eksisterende arkivtiltag og vil tage højde for udviklingsproces, teknisk funktionalitet, brugeradfærd og perspektiver for digital forskning og formidling. Dette sigte tænkes som bidrag til udviklingen af humanistisk forskning i digitale objekter og computerassisteret humanistisk forskning og som svar på European Science Foundation’s opfordring til dokumentation og kommunikation af god praksis inden for digitale forskningsinfrastrukturer.

• At udvikle en kulturvidenskabelig begrebsramme til beskrivelse af digital arkivinteraktion og heraf afledte kulturelle fænomener. Arbejdshypotesen for denne del af projektet er, at de digitale lagringsmediers nuværende udviklingsstade slører forskellen mellem arkiv, bibliotek og museum, ligesom forholdene mellem forsker og bruger, individ og masse er under forandring. Dette har endvidere konsekvenser for begreberne om forskning, formidling, kulturarv, viden og dennes demokratisering, der kan tydeliggøres ved en kulturvidenskabelig analyse af nærværende projekts praksisdimension.

Jonas Fransson

Working title: The Danish digitalized cultural heritage and its users: usage, search strategies and findability on the internet

The Royal School of Library and Information Science

Denmark has begun to digitize the cultural heritage in larger scale during the 2000s. The collections of digitized materials include substantial amounts of texts, books, pictures and movies and a large part of the collections is available on the internet, but how are they used? The ph.d.-project focuses on the public’s use of digitized cultural heritage in everyday life.

I will study the memory institutions’ digital collections and define digitized heritage as what the ALM institutions together with audiovisual archives have saved and then digitized, in order to limit the investigation in a way that works operationally.

I will in the project focus on the relations between the users (search) behavior, search strategies and the findability of the cultural resources. The investigation is limited to four aspects, highlighting the users and the digital cultural heritage from different directions:

  1. What do the users do in the cultural heritage resource? How do the users navigate and search in the material? Do they stay long in the resource or leave immediately?
  2. How do users find the cultural heritage resource? Will the users through a cultural heritage portal, or through a search in Google? If through a search engine, what keywords they have used?
  3. How accessible/findable is the heritage resource and its objects? Are the cultural heritage resource and its content index in such Google? Can users link to an individual object, such as a picture or video?
  4. What are the users’ thoughts on the heritage resources? What do they wish to find of the cultural heritage on the Internet? Do they usually search for digitized cultural heritage, and if so, how and where? Why do they look for cultural heritage on the Internet, in what purpose should it be used?

The study will primarily be based on analysis of log files (1 and 2), to capture the real information behavior. Web Surveys attached to one or more studied heritage resources to collect users’ thoughts and opinions (4) in addition to the log analysis. The findability-aspects (3) will be studied by a review of the investigated cultural resources by means of analytical framework.
The project can be summarized as information searching in context, where context is the digital environment that represents the web and that is the arena of user interaction with the digital heritage.

Anna Lawaetz

Working title: The Sensuality of the Human Voice

University of Copenhagen
Department of Arts and Cultural Studies

The aim of this project is to evolve a method for the analysis of oral sources by combining technological and humanistic approaches to a research case.

The aim is partly to develop technological tools for the support of humanistic analyses of auditive sources. Those tools will be developed in cooperation with among others The Institue of Informatics and Mathe-matical Modelling at The Technical University of Denmark (DTU) utilizing software already at hand. And partly the implementation and testing of the tools through the analysis of the rhythm-timbre structures in select narratives singled out from the national archives of The Danish Broad-casting Corporation (DR).

Christian Hviid Mortensen

Working title: Radio as immaterial heritage in a museological context

University of Southern Denmark
Institute of Literature, Media and Cultural Studies

With the volatile news cycle and fast paced changing media as its area of resort the Media Museum is both gifted with a content that is immediately recognizable and interesting for  most people, but also overwhelming in scope. And as easily recognizable that the media phenomenons of today are, just as quickly are they forgotten and difficult to re-actualise.

A lot of media objects are not only volatile in their development, but also in their essence e.g. tv- and radio shows, which is designed to be experienced in the moment of broadcast but with the advancing digitalisation exist independent of any specific media. They can therefore be seen as immaterial forms of heritage compared to artefacts such as flint axes and horse carriages,  which creates unique challenges in the dissemination of them in a exhibition context.

Sound is rarely used as a artefact and primary focus for the museum audience. This puts the Media Museum in a interesting situation, where radio sound should be presented as important mediahistoric heritage artefacts on equal terms as physical artefacts such as radio apparatus and newspapers etc.

This project aims at uncovering the challenges involved in presenting audio as artefacts, analyzing existing solutions and designing new strategies for meeting these challenges. These strategies will be implemented in two concrete exhibitions.

Janne Nielsen

Working title: Media as school

Aarhus University
Department of Information and Media Studies

The project is a historical study of cross media educational formats and the phenomenon of”media as school”. The term “cross media educational formats” is used to describe a coherent body of content consisting of more than one media text in more than one media and with a shared communicative strategy. I will analyse educational formats created and published by the Danish public service broadcaster DR; formats that include radio and television programmes, web content and other teaching resources, as well as the references between the different media. The theories and methods relate to three main fields: media theory, media history and textual analysis, and the analysis centres on the conceptualization of the learning audience and on the cross media interplay. A genealogical perspective will be used, analysing a present-day example, Danskernes Akademi [The Danish Academy], and taking this as a point of departure for studying selected predecessors, if possible going all the wayback to DR’s first attempts at educating the public through radio. In this way, the project will examine both cross media educational formats today and the roots and development of educational formats in order to understand the phenomenon of “media as school”.

Trine Friis Sørensen

Working title: Archival (in)appropriation

University of Copenhagen
Department of Arts and Cultural Studies

My PhD project explores new ways of understanding the archive. Instead of adhering to a notion of archival logic and order, the project examines what knowledge can be gained from being a little disorderly. The purpose of the project is to investigate how artistic practices and sensibilities may allow for new insights into the archive.
I am interested in how this kind of creative practice research suggests an altogether different approach to the archive and proposes another sort of knowledge production.

By inviting a number of artists to work with the archive and carefully sifting through their processes the project will demonstrate contingencies of practice and how the artistic process is also a process of establishing and constructing meaning. These collaborations will result in a number of public presentations, exhibitions etc.

Heidi Svømmekjær

Working title: Radio and the Average Danish Family

Roskilde University

From the moment the Danish Broadcasting Corporation (DBC) made its official start in the mid 1920s and until television had grown into a serious competitor around 1960, radio was arguably the most influential medium in Denmark. It reached places and people that even the printed media could not and for the first time created events that the whole nation could “attend” simultaneously.

The aim of this project is to investigate how the DBC thus played an active part in the production and constant renegotiation of a shared national perception of the home, everyday life and the nuclear family. With a focus on selected programmes in the years 1925-60, I seek to understand the communication to and of ”the average Danish family”.

The empirical foundation of this project consists mainly of Danish everyday radio series, fictional as well as non-fictional, such as ”The Housewife’s Two Minutes” (1940s) and ”The Women’s Afternoon Programme” (1952-57), though with special attention to the immensely popular radio ”soap” ”The Hansen Family” (1929-49), that saw its audience through a very bleak period in Danish history.